Improving Understanding the
dynamics of Resettlement in Ethiopia
Half a million people have been
resettled in Ethiopia in the past two years. However, despite rapid monitoring
visits, little is known about key questions regarding site conditions and
resettlement administration, how settlers are adapting, relations with local
populations and prospects for food security and sustainability.
We have very limited
information on site selection, infrastructure, food and non food provisions,
health, nutrition, water and sanitation, agriculture, livestock and extension,
education and administrative structures of sites. We still do not know what
makes for a successful settler, how different groups and individuals among host
communities are reacting, and what kinds of settlers are becoming food secure,
and the effects on the environment. We also do not have a consistent comparative
assessment across regions and sites and over time since the settlers were
resettled in particular in 2003 and 2004.
This research undertaken by
Forum for Social Studies with collaboration of staff at Addis Ababa University
staff with prior expertise in this area working with 10 trained MA students in
social sciences will involve comparative parallel research in several regions.
The research will take a differential approach that seeks to understand what
kinds of resettlement works for whom, where and why, and to assess the relative
successes and failures at a local level.
It is hoped that the research
can inform current debates and provide answers that can influence resettlement
policy, and help improve current practice, monitoring, as well as future design
and options for implementation.
To obtain comparative data from sites in several regions of
Ethiopia on the socio-economic aspects of settler adaptations in order to
propose improvements to resettlement policy, monitoring, planning and
To obtain data on site conditions and resettlement administration
including selection, infrastructure, housing, provisions, health, nutrition,
water and sanitation, agriculture and livestock, education etc.
To establish settler and host community profiles and assess the
socio-economic and environmental impacts as well as the extent of integration
and conflict and departures from settlement sites.
To ascertain the profiles and characteristics of settler
communities and households and individuals that have been successful in terms of
background, age, sex, education and skills, wealth etc and compare these with
profiles of cases that have not succeeded.
To gain insights on the differential effects of the resettlement
on local populations and find out what kinds of hosts have benefited most and
what sort of hosts have been adversely affected by the settlers’ presence.
To consider the differential adaptations of various waves and
kinds of settler their adaptations to local conditions and prospects for become
food secure and established in the new contexts.
To understand differential relations between various groups of
settlers, the local populations, previous settlers, the administration and
This study was initially
designed by Dr Alula Pankhurst with inputs and improvement from other senior
colleagues at Addis Ababa University who have expertise on resettlement. The
research will be carried out by 10 students carrying out masters in social
sciences including social anthropology, regional and local development studies,
geography and demography. A common research agenda and methods have been worked
out and each student researcher will focus on a particular site within regions
where resettlement is being carried out.
A workshop to improve the
research design will be held and bring together other researchers and
stakeholders to comment and improve the research design. The student researchers
will be given training and advice and simultaneously carry out the same research
design in their respective sites between January and February 2005. The senior
researchers will carry out supervision of the researchers and follow up in areas
where they have done research. They may also wish to pursue specific research
themes with students they are supervising.
The student researchers will
prepare reports on their case studies and the senior researchers will also work
on comparative issues or elaborations of their own research and the results will
be presented at a workshop. The proceedings of the workshop will lead to the
publication of a book.
The research will focus on
site, community and household issues and will rely primarily on in-depth case
studies at the household level, and will include different socio-economic
categories of settlers by background age, gender, education, wealth, etc. The
research will also focus on different categories of host communities and
individuals in terms of background, age, gender, education, livelihood etc.
The research questions will be
elaborated with sub-questions, and a common checklist will be followed to ensure
that all the researchers cover the same ground.
The draft research instruments
are provisionally divided into the following three modules which are elaborated
with specific protocols, each of which has a checklist of questions.
Site Conditions and Resettlement
Site selection criteria and procedures
2. Infrastructure, housing and collective
Non food provisions
Health and Nutrition
Water and Sanitation
Agriculture, livestock and extension
8. Education and
structure of resettlement sites
profiles, social and environmental impacts, integration and departures
Settler community profiles
‘Host’ community profiles
Socio-cultural impacts on local populations
Basic environmental impacts
Settler-local integration/ conflict
6. Departures from settlements
household profiles and relations with locals administration and investors
1. Definitions of success and failure
2. Profile of successful settler household and individuals
Profile of failed settler household and individuals
Relations with local people
Relations with the local administration and investors
addition to a checklist of questions, specific instructions, types of
respondents and expected outputs have been proposed for each of the modules and
protocols, the detail of which will be discussed and improved at the workshop.